Autism is the most severe developmental disability. Appearing within the first three years of life, autism involves impairments in social interaction — such as being aware of other people’s feelings — and verbal and nonverbal communication.
Some people with autism have limited interests, strange eating or sleeping behaviors or a tendency to do things to hurt themselves, such as banging their heads or biting their hands.
Adapted from the Encyclopedia of Psychology
Treatment of Autism
Facilitated Communication: Sifting the Psychological Wheat from the Chaff
If psychological research does not always give us hoped-for answers, it does help us sift potent reality from wishful thinking and focus our energy on real solutions.
Autism treatment options
Today clinicians use medication and behavioral interventions to help children cope with autism.
Related APA Publications
Why autism is different in the brains of girls than boys
May 12, 2015, Time
How autism brain bank may help find a cure
May 8, 2015, CBS News
Girls diagnosed with autism later than boys, study finds
April 28, 2015, Fox News