The Journal of Threat Assessment and Management® is an international periodical for professionals and scholars whose work focuses on operational aspects of the assessment and management of risk for interpersonal violence.

The journal is unique in three ways.

First, it is devoted exclusively to the subject of violence risk.

Second, it is applied in nature, dealing with the development, implementation, and evaluation of procedures for assessing and managing violence risk.

Third, it reflects and promotes the values of interdisciplinarity and internationalism, based on the view that preventing violence requires collaborations that cross professional and, in many cases, political boundaries.

Those who read and write for Journal of Threat Assessment and Management work in mental health, criminal justice, national security, and private security settings. They have backgrounds in fields such as policing, criminology, law, psychology, psychiatry, nursing, and social work. What binds these readers and authors together is their focus on understanding and preventing violence.

Journal of Threat Assessment and Management® is a registered trademark of American Psychological Association
Editorial Board


Stephen D. Hart
Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway, and ProActive ReSolutions, CA

Senior Editors

Jens Hoffmann
Team Psychologie & Sicherheit, Germany

J. Reid Meloy
University of California, San Diego and Forensis & Forensis Europa

Lisa Warren
Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia and Code Black Threat Management, Australia

Consulting Editors

Justin Barry-Welsh
Te Korowai Whariki, New Zealand

Henrik Belfrage
Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden

Randy Borum
University of South Florida

Frederick S. Calhoun

James S. Cawood
Factor One, California

Peter Collins
Centre for Addiction & Mental Health University of Toronto

Gavin de Becker
Gavin de Becker & Associates, California

Eugene R. D. Deisinger
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Harald Dern
Bundeskriminalamt Wiesbaden, Germany

Park Dietz
Park Dietz & Associates, Threat Assessment Group and University of California, Los Angeles

Robert A. Fein
Harvard Medical School and The Metis Group

David V. James
Fixated Threat Assessment Centre & Theseus, United Kingdom

P. Randall Kropp
Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission, Canada

Gérard Labuschagne
University of Johannesburg, South Africa and South African Police Service

Rachel MacKenzie
Forensicare, AU

Troy E. McEwan
Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia and Forensicare, Australia

Kris Mohandie
Operational Consulting International

John Monahan
University of Virginia

Paul E. Mullen
Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

James R. P. Ogloff
Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia and Forensicare, Australia

Mary Ellen O'Toole
Consultant and United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (Ret.)

Russell Palarea
Operational Psychology Services

Michele T. Pathé
Griffith University, Australia

Marisa R. Randazzo

Joel Rodriguez
National Counterterrorism Center, United States

Mario J. Scalora
University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Glenn Sheil
Ontario Provincial Police, Canada

Lorraine P. Sheridan
Consultant, Australia

Andre B. Simons
United States Federal Bureau of Investigation

Rachel Solov
San Diego County District Attorney, California

Bram B. van der Meer
Van der Meer Investigative Psychologists, The Netherlands

Bianca E. Voerman
Korps landelijke politiediensten, The Netherlands

Bryan M. Vossekuil
The Metis Group and United States Secret Service (Ret.)

Stephen G. White
University of California, San Francisco and Work Trauma Services

William J. Zimmerman
United States Capitol Police

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting and indexing services providing coverage of the Journal of Threat Assessment and Management®

  • PsycINFO
Instructions to Authors

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review.


Submit manuscripts electronically (.rtf or .doc) through the Manuscript Submission Portal.

Manuscript Submission Portal Entrance

Stephen D. Hart
Simon Fraser University

Manuscript Preparation

Prepare manuscripts according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). Manuscripts may be copyedited for bias-free language (see Chapter 3 of the Publication Manual).

Review APA's Checklist for Manuscript Submission before submitting your article.

If your manuscript was mask reviewed, please ensure that the final version for production includes a byline and full author note for typesetting.


Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the Manual.

Below are additional instructions regarding the preparation of display equations, computer code, and tables.

Display Equations

We strongly encourage you to use MathType (third-party software) or Equation Editor 3.0 (built into pre-2007 versions of Word) to construct your equations, rather than the equation support that is built into Word 2007 and Word 2010. Equations composed with the built-in Word 2007/Word 2010 equation support are converted to low-resolution graphics when they enter the production process and must be rekeyed by the typesetter, which may introduce errors.

To construct your equations with MathType or Equation Editor 3.0:

  • Go to the Text section of the Insert tab and select Object.
  • Select MathType or Equation Editor 3.0 in the drop-down menu.

If you have an equation that has already been produced using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010 and you have access to the full version of MathType 6.5 or later, you can convert this equation to MathType by clicking on MathType Insert Equation. Copy the equation from Microsoft Word and paste it into the MathType box. Verify that your equation is correct, click File, and then click Update. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation.

Use Equation Editor 3.0 or MathType only for equations or for formulas that cannot be produced as Word text using the Times or Symbol font.

Computer Code

Because altering computer code in any way (e.g., indents, line spacing, line breaks, page breaks) during the typesetting process could alter its meaning, we treat computer code differently from the rest of your article in our production process. To that end, we request separate files for computer code.

In Online Supplemental Material
We request that runnable source code be included as supplemental material to the article. For more information, visit Supplementing Your Article With Online Material.

In the Text of the Article
If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.


Use Word's Insert Table function when you create tables. Using spaces or tabs in your table will create problems when the table is typeset and may result in errors.

Submitting Supplemental Materials

APA can place supplemental materials online, available via the published article in the PsycARTICLES® database. Please see Supplementing Your Article With Online Material for more details.

Abstract and Keywords

All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases.


List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151.
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.


Graphics files are welcome if supplied as Tiff or EPS files. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) should be assembled into one file.

The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing.

For more information about acceptable resolutions, fonts, sizing, and other figure issues, please see the general guidelines.

When possible, please place symbol legends below the figure instead of to the side.

APA offers authors the option to publish their figures online in color without the costs associated with print publication of color figures.

The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. To ensure that the figure can be understood in both formats, authors should add alternative wording (e.g., "the red (dark gray) bars represent") as needed.

For authors who prefer their figures to be published in color both in print and online, original color figures can be printed in color at the editor's and publisher's discretion provided the author agrees to pay:

  • $900 for one figure
  • An additional $600 for the second figure
  • An additional $450 for each subsequent figure


Authors of accepted papers must obtain and provide to the editor on final acceptance all necessary permissions to reproduce in print and electronic form any copyrighted work, including test materials (or portions thereof), photographs, and other graphic images (including those used as stimuli in experiments).

On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown.

Publication Policies

APA policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications.

See also APA Journals® Internet Posting Guidelines.

APA requires authors to reveal any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

Authors of accepted manuscripts are required to transfer the copyright to APA.

Ethical Principles

It is a violation of APA Ethical Principles to publish "as original data, data that have been previously published" (Standard 8.13).

In addition, APA Ethical Principles specify that "after research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release" (Standard 8.14).

APA expects authors to adhere to these standards. Specifically, APA expects authors to have their data available throughout the editorial review process and for at least 5 years after the date of publication.

Authors are required to state in writing that they have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of their sample, human or animal, or to describe the details of treatment.

The APA Ethics Office provides the full Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct electronically on its website in HTML, PDF, and Word format. You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. 47, pp. 1597–1611.

Other Information