Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology®

ISSN: 2157-3905
eISSN: 2157-3913
Published: quarterly, beginning in February
This journal is a publication of APA Division 47 (Exercise and Sport Psychology)

Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology ® is the official publication of the Exercise and Sport Psychology Division (47) of the American Psychological Association. The journal publishes papers in all areas of sport, exercise, and performance psychology for applied scientists and practitioners.

This journal is committed to publishing evidence that supports the application of psychological principles to facilitate peak sport performance, enhance physical activity participation, and achieve optimal human performance. Published papers include experimental studies, correlational studies, evaluation studies, and qualitative research. In addition, historical papers, critical reviews, case studies, brief reports, critical evaluations of policies and procedures, and position statements will be considered for publication.

The journal is divided into three sections.

  • Sport Psychology addresses the interactions between psychology and sport performance, including the psychological aspects of optimal athletic performance, the psychological care and well-being of athletes, coaches, and sport organizations, and the connection between physical and psychological functioning.
  • Exercise Psychology publishes research on the behavioral, social cognitive, and psychobiological antecedents and consequences of physical activity with a focus on the adoption and maintenance of physical activity and its effects on psychological well-being.
  • Performance Psychology focuses on the psychology of human performance, in particular, professions that demand excellence in psychomotor performance (i.e., performing arts, surgery, firefighting, law enforcement, military operations, etc.). Also addressed are work environments in which teamwork and motivation are important to human performance.

Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology emphasizes original research manuscripts and their potential scientific impact that progresses our understanding of human behavior in sport, exercise, and performance.

Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology® is a registered trademark of American Psychological Association
Editorial Board


Jeffrey J. Martin
Wayne State University

Consulting Editors

Edmund O. Acevedo
Virginia Commonwealth University

Anthony Amorose
Illinois State University

Shawn M. Arent
Rutgers University

John B. Bartholomew
The University of Texas at Austin

Mark R. Beauchamp
University of British Columbia

Britt Brewer
Springfield College

Charlie Brown
FPS Performance

Brad Cardinal
Oregon State University

David Conroy
Pennsylvania State University

Peter Crocker
University of British Columbia

James Dimmock
The University of Western Australia

Danielle Symons Downs
Pennsylvania State University

David A. Dzewaltowski
Kansas State University

Panteleimon Ekkekakis
Iowa State University

Robert C. Eklund
University of Stirling

David Fletcher
Loughborough University

Mary Fry
University of Kansas

Lori A. Gano-Overway
Bridgewater College

Alex C. Garn
Louisiana State University

Diane L. Gill
University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Dan Gould
Michigan State University

Bradley Hatfield
University of Maryland

Kate F. Hays
The Performing Edge, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Ken Hodge
University of Otago

Thelma Horn
Miami University

Joanne Hudson
Leeds Beckett University

Christopher M. Janelle
University of Florida

Maria Kavussanu
University of Birmingham

Susan Langdon
Bates College

David Lavallee
University of Stirling

Diane Mack
Brock University

Scott Martin
University of North Texas

Nate McCaughtry
Wayne State University

Meghan McDonough
Purdue University

Whitney Moore
University of North Texas

Alexandre J. S. Morin
Australian Catholic University

Shane Murphy
Western Connecticut State University

Nicholas D. Myers
University of Miami

Claudio R. Nigg
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Trent A. Petrie
University of North Texas

Tom Raedeke
East Carolina University

Claudio Robazza
Università di Chieti

Catherine M. Sabiston
University of Toronto

Jane P. Sheldon
University of Michigan-Dearborn

Alan L. Smith
Michigan State University

Brett Smith
Loughborough University

Sarah Ullrich-French
Washington State University

Judy Van Raalte
Springfield College

Jennifer J. Waldron
University of Northern Iowa

Maureen R. Weiss
University of Minnesota

Philip M. Wilson
Brock University

Editorial Manuscript Coordinator

Sharon Ramos
American Psychological Association, Washington, DC

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting and indexing services providing coverage of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology®

  • Emcare
  • Journals@Ovid
  • PsycINFO
  • SportDISCUS
Instructions to Authors

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review.


Submit manuscripts electronically (.rtf or .doc) through the Manuscript Submission Portal.

Manuscript Submission Portal Entrance

Jeffrey J. Martin
265 Matthaei Building
Division of KHS
Wayne State University
Detroit, MI 48202

General correspondence may be directed to the Editor's Office.

In addition to addresses and phone numbers, please supply email addresses and fax numbers, if available, for potential use by the editorial office and later by the production office.

Keep a copy of the manuscript to guard against loss.


The page limit for submissions is 30 pages for quantitative submissions and 34 pages for qualitative submissions. The page limit is inclusive of all parts of the manuscript, including the cover page, abstract, text, references, tables and figures.

Manuscripts must also include line numbers to aid in the review process.

Submissions that exceed the page limits will be returned to the author for shortening prior to the initiation of peer review.

All statistical tests should include effect sizes whenever possible.

Manuscript Preparation

Prepare manuscripts according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) . Manuscripts may be copyedited for bias-free language (see Chapter 3 of the Publication Manual).

Review APA's Checklist for Manuscript Submission before submitting your article.

If your manuscript was mask reviewed, please ensure that the final version for production includes a byline and full author note for typesetting.

Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the Manual.

Below are additional instructions regarding the preparation of display equations, computer code, and tables.

Display Equations

We strongly encourage you to use MathType (third-party software) or Equation Editor 3.0 (built into pre-2007 versions of Word) to construct your equations, rather than the equation support that is built into Word 2007 and Word 2010. Equations composed with the built-in Word 2007/Word 2010 equation support are converted to low-resolution graphics when they enter the production process and must be rekeyed by the typesetter, which may introduce errors.

To construct your equations with MathType or Equation Editor 3.0:

  • Go to the Text section of the Insert tab and select Object.
  • Select MathType or Equation Editor 3.0 in the drop-down menu.

If you have an equation that has already been produced using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010 and you have access to the full version of MathType 6.5 or later, you can convert this equation to MathType by clicking on MathType Insert Equation. Copy the equation from Microsoft Word and paste it into the MathType box. Verify that your equation is correct, click File, and then click Update. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation.

Use Equation Editor 3.0 or MathType only for equations or for formulas that cannot be produced as Word text using the Times or Symbol font.

Computer Code

Because altering computer code in any way (e.g., indents, line spacing, line breaks, page breaks) during the typesetting process could alter its meaning, we treat computer code differently from the rest of your article in our production process. To that end, we request separate files for computer code.

In Online Supplemental Material
We request that runnable source code be included as supplemental material to the article. For more information, visit Supplementing Your Article With Online Material.

In the Text of the Article
If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.


Use Word's Insert Table function when you create tables. Using spaces or tabs in your table will create problems when the table is typeset and may result in errors.

Submitting Supplemental Materials

APA can place supplemental materials online, available via the published article in the PsycARTICLES® database. Please see Supplementing Your Article With Online Material for more details.

Abstract and Keywords

All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases.


List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151.
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.


Graphics files are welcome if supplied as Tiff or EPS files. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) should be assembled into one file.

The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing.

For more information about acceptable resolutions, fonts, sizing, and other figure issues, please see the general guidelines.

When possible, please place symbol legends below the figure instead of to the side.

APA offers authors the option to publish their figures online in color without the costs associated with print publication of color figures.

The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. To ensure that the figure can be understood in both formats, authors should add alternative wording (e.g., "the red (dark gray) bars represent") as needed.

For authors who prefer their figures to be published in color both in print and online, original color figures can be printed in color at the editor's and publisher's discretion provided the author agrees to pay:

  • $900 for one figure
  • An additional $600 for the second figure
  • An additional $450 for each subsequent figure


Authors of accepted papers must obtain and provide to the editor on final acceptance all necessary permissions to reproduce in print and electronic form any copyrighted work, including test materials (or portions thereof), photographs, and other graphic images (including those used as stimuli in experiments).

On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown.

Publication Policies

APA policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications.

See also APA Journals® Internet Posting Guidelines.

APA requires authors to reveal any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

Authors of accepted manuscripts are required to transfer the copyright to APA.

Ethical Principles

It is a violation of APA Ethical Principles to publish "as original data, data that have been previously published" (Standard 8.13).

In addition, APA Ethical Principles specify that "after research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release" (Standard 8.14).

APA expects authors to adhere to these standards. Specifically, APA expects authors to have their data available throughout the editorial review process and for at least 5 years after the date of publication.

Authors are required to state in writing that they have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of their sample, human or animal, or to describe the details of treatment.

The APA Ethics Office provides the full Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct electronically on its website in HTML, PDF, and Word format. You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. 47, pp. 1597–1611.

Other Information