Psychological Services ® publishes high-quality data-based articles on the broad range of psychological services delivered in organized care settings. Organized care settings refers to jails, prisons, courts, Indian Health Service, the military, Department of Veterans Affairs, university clinics, training hospitals, and so forth.

Psychological Services encourages submission of papers that focus on broad issues related to psychotherapy outcomes, evaluations of psychological service programs and systems, and public policy analyses. Psychological Services will also publish a limited number of significant literature reviews and case studies of psychological services, service delivery systems, or model programs.

Psychological Services is the official publication of the Division of Psychologists in Public Service (Division 18) of the American Psychological Association.

Psychological Services® is a registered trademark of American Psychological Association
Editorial Board


Patrick H. DeLeon
Former APA President–2000, Washington, DC

Managing Editor

Gary R. VandenBos
American Psychological Association

Associate Editors

Michi Fu
Pacific Clinics, Los Angeles County, California, and California School of Professional Psychology of Alliant International University

Lisa K. Kearney
VA Central Office, Washington, DC

Philip R. Magaletta
Federal Bureau of Prisons, Washington, DC

J. Douglas McDonald
Indians Into Psychology Program, University of North Dakota

Bettina Schmid
United States Army

Manuscript Coordinator

Lois Jones
American Psychological Association

Editorial Board

Rebecca Allen
The University of Alabama

Anthony A. Arita
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland

Michelle E. Barnett
W. G. "Bill" Hefner VA Medical Center, Salisbury, North Carolina

Jeffrey M. Bates
North Florida / South Georgia Veterans Health System

Michael B. Blank
University of Pennsylvania

Theodore R. Burnes
Antioch University, Los Angeles

Timothy P. Carmody
San Francisco VA Medical Center

Katie E. Connell
Connell Forensic Psychology Services, Westlake, Ohio

Jeffrey A. Cully
Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, Texas

William Paul Deal
Missouri State University

Kyle DeYoung
University of North Dakota

Patricia M. Dubbert
Central Arkansas VA Healthcare System

Mark R. Floyd
VA North Texas Health Care System

Raymond A. Folen
Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, Hawaii

Daniel V. Foster
Indian Health Service, Aberdeen, South Dakota

Ronald J. Gironda
James A. Haley Veterans' Hospital, Tampa, Florida

Joseph P. Gone
University of Michigan

John Gonzalez
Bemidji State University

Allen B. Grove
Naval Health Clinic, Patuxent River, Maryland

Kathy Harowski
Argosy University, Twin Cities

Neil Hibler
Special Psychological Services Group, Fairfax, Virginia

Jeffrey E. Holm
University of North Dakota

Leon Hyer
Mercer University School of Medicine and Georgia Neurosurgical Institute

Karen C. Kalmbach
Texas A & M University—San Antonio

Bradley E. Karlin
Education Development Center, Inc., New York, New York

Lance P. Kelley
Waco Family Medicine Residency Program

Carrie H. Kennedy
Marine Corps Embassy Security Group, Quantico, Virginia

Robert D. Kerns
VA Connecticut Healthcare System

Daniel R. Kivlahan
VA Puget Sound Health Care System

John W. Klocek
Baylor University

Kathryn Lawson
United States Penitentiary, Atlanta, Georgia

Terry L. DeRocher Lerma
Consultant, L'Anse, Michigan

Christopher W. Loftis
Dynamics Research Corporation, Arlington, Virginia

Jon Mandracchia
University of Southern Mississippi

Daniel Marston
Marston Psychological Services, Monroeville, Pennsylvania

Alix M. McLearen
Federal Bureau of Prisons, Washington, DC

John R. McQuaid
San Francisco VA Medical Center

Scott S. Meit
Central Arkansas Veterans Health System

Thomas W. Miller
University of Kentucky

Edmund J. Nightingale
Minneapolis VA Health Care System (Retired)

Polly Hitchcock Noël
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Natasha Thapar Olmos
Pepperdine University

Carlton Parks
Alliant International University, Los Angeles

Kyle Possemato
Syracuse Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Priti Shah
Georgia State University

Marc A. Silva
James A. Haley Veterans' Hospital, Tampa, Florida

Clifford A. Smith
Oscar G. Johnson VA Medical Center

Vivian L. Tamkin
Pacific Oaks College and Children's School, Pasadena, California

Gabriel Tan
National University of Singapore, Singapore

Jack Tsai
Yale School of Medicine

Yuying Tsong
California State University, Fullerton

Steven R. Tulkin
California School of Professional Psychology of Alliant International University

Erlanger "Earl" Turner
University of Houston, Downtown

Rodney D. Vanderploeg
James A. Haley Veterans' Hospital, Tampa, Florida

Jacqueline R. Wall
American Psychological Association

Glenn D. Walters
Kutztown University

Jeffrey N. Weatherly
University of North Dakota

Elizabeth K. White
Human Resources Department, County of Riverside, Riverside, California

Ira E. Wisotzek
VA New Jersey Health Care System

Jorge Wong
Asian Americans for Community Involvement, San Jose, California

J. Stephen Wormith
University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

Jennifer A. Wood
VA Texas Valley Coastal Bend Health Care System

Laura O. Wray
VA Center for Integrated Healthcare

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting and indexing services providing coverage of Psychological Services®

  • CINAHL Plus – Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature
  • Current Contents®/Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • Elsevier's SCOPUS
  • Embase
  • Emcare
  • Journal Citation Reports/Social Sciences Edition
  • Journals@Ovid
  • Mosby Index
  • Mosby's Nursing Consult
  • PsycINFO
  • PsycLine
  • Social SciSearch®
  • Target Insights
Manuscript Submission

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review.


Psychological Services® is now using a software system to screen submitted content for similarity with other published content. The system compares each submitted manuscript against a database of 25+ million scholarly publications, as well as content appearing on the open web.

This allows APA to check submissions for potential overlap with material previously published in scholarly journals (e.g., lifted or republished material). A similarity report will be generated by the system and provided to the Psychological Services Editorial office for review immediately upon submission.

Submit manuscripts electronically through the Manuscript Submission Portal.

Manuscript Submission Portal Entrance

Authors should keep a copy of the manuscript to guard against loss. Please provide full contact information — authors' addresses, phone numbers, email addresses, and fax numbers — for use by the editorial office and later by the production office. General correspondence may be directed to the Editor.


All manuscripts must include on separate pages:

  • a title page with the author's name and affiliation at the time the research was done
  • author footnotes, which include acknowledgments of support, changes of affiliation since the research was done, and the name and address of the author to whom correspondence should be sent
  • an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words, followed, below it, by up to five keywords or brief phrases to assist in indexing

Number all pages serially, including these pages, the text, references, acknowledgments, tables, and figure captions.

Include in a cover letter assurances that the manuscript is not under review elsewhere and that the primary data have not been published previously nor accepted for publication.

Masked Review Policy

Manuscripts will be subject to masked review.

Authors' names and affiliations should appear only on the separate title page and separate author footnotes page if any; authors should not be identified anywhere else in the manuscript. Authors should make every effort to see that the manuscript itself contains no clues to their identities.

It is acceptable for authors to suggest individuals qualified to do the reviewing.

Please ensure that the final version for production includes a byline and full author note for typesetting.

Manuscript Preparation

Prepare manuscripts according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). Manuscripts may be copyedited for bias-free language (see Chapter 3 of the Publication Manual).

Review APA's Checklist for Manuscript Submission before submitting your article.

Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the Manual.

Below are additional instructions regarding the preparation of display equations, computer code, and tables.

Display Equations

We strongly encourage you to use MathType (third-party software) or Equation Editor 3.0 (built into pre-2007 versions of Word) to construct your equations, rather than the equation support that is built into Word 2007 and Word 2010. Equations composed with the built-in Word 2007/Word 2010 equation support are converted to low-resolution graphics when they enter the production process and must be rekeyed by the typesetter, which may introduce errors.

To construct your equations with MathType or Equation Editor 3.0:

  • Go to the Text section of the Insert tab and select Object.
  • Select MathType or Equation Editor 3.0 in the drop-down menu.

If you have an equation that has already been produced using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010 and you have access to the full version of MathType 6.5 or later, you can convert this equation to MathType by clicking on MathType Insert Equation. Copy the equation from Microsoft Word and paste it into the MathType box. Verify that your equation is correct, click File, and then click Update. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation.

Use Equation Editor 3.0 or MathType only for equations or for formulas that cannot be produced as Word text using the Times or Symbol font.

Computer Code

Because altering computer code in any way (e.g., indents, line spacing, line breaks, page breaks) during the typesetting process could alter its meaning, we treat computer code differently from the rest of your article in our production process. To that end, we request separate files for computer code.

In Online Supplemental Material
We request that runnable source code be included as supplemental material to the article. For more information, visit Supplementing Your Article With Online Material.

In the Text of the Article
If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.


Use Word's Insert Table function when you create tables. Using spaces or tabs in your table will create problems when the table is typeset and may result in errors.

Submitting Supplemental Materials

APA can place supplemental materials online, available via the published article in the PsycARTICLES® database. Please see Supplementing Your Article With Online Material for more details.

Abstract and Keywords

All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases.


List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151.
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.


Graphics files are welcome if supplied as Tiff or EPS files. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) should be assembled into one file.

The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing.

For more information about acceptable resolutions, fonts, sizing, and other figure issues, please see the general guidelines.

When possible, please place symbol legends below the figure instead of to the side.

APA offers authors the option to publish their figures online in color without the costs associated with print publication of color figures.

The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. To ensure that the figure can be understood in both formats, authors should add alternative wording (e.g., "the red (dark gray) bars represent") as needed.

For authors who prefer their figures to be published in color both in print and online, original color figures can be printed in color at the editor's and publisher's discretion provided the author agrees to pay:

  • $900 for one figure
  • An additional $600 for the second figure
  • An additional $450 for each subsequent figure


Authors of accepted papers must obtain and provide to the editor on final acceptance all necessary permissions to reproduce in print and electronic form any copyrighted work, including test materials (or portions thereof), photographs, and other graphic images (including those used as stimuli in experiments).

On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown.

Publication Policies

APA policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications.

See also APA Journals® Internet Posting Guidelines.

APA requires authors to reveal any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

Authors of accepted manuscripts are required to transfer the copyright to APA.

Ethical Principles

It is a violation of APA Ethical Principles to publish "as original data, data that have been previously published" (Standard 8.13).

In addition, APA Ethical Principles specify that "after research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release" (Standard 8.14).

APA expects authors to adhere to these standards. Specifically, APA expects authors to have their data available throughout the editorial review process and for at least 5 years after the date of publication.

Authors are required to state in writing that they have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of their sample, human or animal, or to describe the details of treatment.

The APA Ethics Office provides the full Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct electronically on its website in HTML, PDF, and Word format. You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. 47, pp. 1597–1611.

Other Information

Special Issues
  • Military Sexual Trauma

    Special issue of the APA journal Psychological Services, Vol. 12, No. 4, November 2015. The articles look at the issues facing men and women who experienced military sexual trauma while serving, as well as a presentation of evidence-based strategies for preventing future sexual violence and encouraging people to come forward and seek treatment.

  • Innovations in Addressing Mental Health Care Disparities

    Special issue of the APA journal Psychological Services, Vol. 11, No. 4, November 2014. Includes articles about mental health care disparities in various population groups and disorders.

  • Advances in Telehealth and Telepsychology

    Special issue of the APA journal Psychological Services, Vol. 10, No. 3, August 2013. Includes articles about mental health and behavioral therapy services delivered or complemented by telephone, smartphone apps, text message reminders, online social support, blogging, and other technologies.

  • Returning Veterans

    Special issue of the APA journal Psychological Services, Vol. 10, No. 2, May 2013. Includes articles about integrated community care; predictors of mental health care use; treatment with homeless veterans; PTSD; perceived military support; parenting interventions; sexual trauma; and alcohol and drug use treatment.

  • Correctional and Criminal Justice Psychology

    Special issue of the APA journal Psychological Services, Vol. 10, No. 1, February 2013. Includes articles about violence and victimization in juvenile offenders; intimate partner violence intervention for high-risk offenders; mental health needs of federal female offenders; burnout and coping in correctional officers; and services for justice-involved veterans.

  • Health Services Research in the Veterans Administration

    Special issue of the APA journal Psychological Services, Vol. 9, No. 4, November 2012. Articles discuss issues in military personnel and veterans, including psychotherapy utilization for acute depression; primary care–mental health integration and treatment retention; screening and treating posttraumatic stress disorder; perceptions of resilience training and postdeployment adjustment; prevalence of cannabis use disorder; patient care by VA psychologists in the 1950s and 1960s.

  • Telehealth, Telepsychology, and Technology

    Special issue of the APA journal Psychological Services, Vol. 9, No. 2, May 2012. Includes articles about uses of telehealth in psychotherapy; the military; the home; alcohol and drug use problems; PTSD; pain; veterans' services; education; and more.