Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment ® (PD:TRT) publishes a wide range of cutting edge research on personality disorders and related psychopathology from a categorical and/or dimensional perspective including laboratory and treatment outcome studies, as well as integrative conceptual manuscripts and practice reviews that bridge science and practice.

Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment® is a registered trademark of American Psychological Association
Editorial Board


Carl W. Lejuez
University of Maryland

Incoming Editor

Tom Widiger
University of Kentucky

Section Editor, Commentaries, and Online Content

Kim L. Gratz
University of Mississippi Medical Center

Editorial Board

Steve Balsis, PhD
Texas A&M University

Howard Berenbaum
University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign

Edward Bernat
University of Maryland

R. J. R. Blair James
National Institute of Mental Health

Daniel M. Blonigen
VA Palo Alto Health Care System

Marina A. Bornovalova
University of South Florida

W. Keith Campbell
University of Georgia

Alexander L. Chapman
Simon Fraser University

Eunice Chen
Temple University

John F. Clarkin
Weill Cornell Medical College

Allan D. Clifton
Vassar College

Sheila E. Crowell
University of Utah

Carla Kmett Danielson
Medical University of South Carolina

Stacey B. Daughters
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Daniel David
Babes-Bolyai University

Filip De Fruyt, PhD
Ghent University

Katherine L. Dixon-Gordon, PhD
University of Massachusetts

Janine D. Flory
Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Peter Fonagy
University College London, Anna Freud Centre

Andrea L. Glenn
University of Alabama

Diane Gooding
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Kim L. Gratz
University of Mississippi Medical Center

Michael Hallquist
University of Pittsburgh

Sabine C. Herpertz
Heidelberg University

Brian M. Hicks
University of Michigan

Jill M. Hooley
Harvard University

Christopher J. Hopwood
Michigan State University

Kerry Jang
University of British Columbia

John G. Kerns
University of Missouri

E. David Klonsky
University of British Columbia

Thomas R. Kwapil
University of North Carolina, Greensboro

Mark F. Lenzenweger
State University of New York at Binghamton

Kenneth N. Levy
Pennsylvania State University

Scott O. Lilienfeld
Emory University

Patrick Luyten
University of Leuven and University College London

Donald R. Lynam
Purdue University

Thomas Lynch
University of Southampton

Jenny Macfie
University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Kristian E. Markon
University of Iowa

Margaret M. McClure
Fairfield University

Joshua D. Miller
University of Georgia

Leslie C. Morey
Texas A&M University

Stephanie N. Mullins-Sweatt
Oklahoma State University

Matthew K. Nock
Harvard University

Joel Paris
McGill University

Christopher J. Patrick
Florida State University

Aaron L. Pincus
Pennsylvania State University

Elsa Ronningstam
McLean Hospital

M. Zachary Rosenthal
Duke University

Douglas B. Samuel
Purdue University

Charles A. Sanislow
Wesleyan University

Carla Sharp
University of Houston

Susan C. South
Purdue University

Barbara Stanley
Columbia University

Stephanie Stepp
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

David Strong
University of California, San Diego

Jennifer L. Tackett
University of Houston

June P. Tangney
George Mason University

Tim J. Trull
University of Missouri

David D. Vachon
McGill University

Edelyn Verona
University of South Florida

Amy W. Wagner
Portland VA Medical Center

Tom A. Widiger
University of Kentucky

Aidan G.C. Wright
University of Pittsburgh

Shirley Yen
Alpert Brown Medical School

Mary C. Zanarini
Harvard Medical School

Abstracting & Indexing

Providing Coverage of Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment®

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Manuscript Submission

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review.


Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment® (PD:TRT) is now using a software system to screen submitted content for similarity with other published content. The system compares each submitted manuscript against a database of 25+ million scholarly publications, as well as content appearing on the open web.

This allows APA to check submissions for potential overlap with material previously published in scholarly journals (e.g., lifted or republished material). A similarity report will be generated by the system and provided to the PD:TRT Editorial office for review immediately upon submission.

Submit manuscripts electronically through the Manuscript Submission Portal (.rtf, .doc, or .pdf files).

Manuscript Submission Portal Entrance

Carl W. Lejuez, PhD
Department of Psychology
1123c Biology/Psychology Building
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742

In addition to addresses and phone numbers, please supply email addresses and fax numbers for use by the editorial office and later by the production office. Most correspondence between the editorial office and authors is handled by email, so a valid email address is important for the timely flow of communication during the editorial process.

Keep a copy of the manuscript to guard against loss.

Masked Review Policy

PD:TRT uses a masked reviewing system for all submissions. Omit the authors' names and affiliations on the first page of the manuscript, but include the title of the manuscript and the submission date.

Please ensure that the final version for production includes a byline and full author note for typesetting.

List five keywords on the title page to facilitate the selection of peer reviewers. Additionally, provide a cover letter indicating the proposed category under which the manuscript was submitted (e.g., Brief Report) and up to four suggestions for potential reviewers.

Types of Manuscripts

Four types of manuscripts will be accepted:

  • full-length articles
  • brief reports
  • target conceptual articles
  • practice reviews (jointly written by a researcher and primary clinician)

Additionally, Invited peer commentaries in response to the target conceptual articles will be published online at the PD:TRT homepage. Further, the journal will operate an open-access message board to foster continuing dialogue on the target conceptual article.

Full-Length Articles
Manuscripts presenting empirical findings may be submitted as full-length articles. Full-length articles should not exceed 36 pages total (including cover page, abstract, text, references, tables, and figures), with margins of at least 1 inch on all sides and a standard font (e.g., Times New Roman) of 12 points (no smaller). The entire paper (text, references, tables, etc.) must be double-spaced.

Brief Reports
In addition to full-length manuscripts, PD:TRT will consider brief reports of empirical findings. Brief reports are to be prepared in line with the guidelines for full-length articles, yet they may not exceed 18 pages.

Target Conceptual Articles
Manuscripts that evaluate and synthesize the research literature and/or make important theoretical contributions are sought for target conceptual articles. Four commentaries invited by the journal will be published on the PD:TRT homepage, along with the author's response to the commentaries.

PD:TRT will operate an open access message board for further discussion of the target conceptual articles and the commentaries.

Target conceptual articles are to be prepared in line with the guidelines for full-length articles, yet they may not exceed 40 pages.

Practice Reviews
In line with the journal's commitment to bridging science and practice, practice reviews will present an issue from clinical practice, review relevant research, and provide a practical recommendation informed by the reviewed research.

Practice reviews MUST be coauthored by at least one individual with a primary focus in clinical practice and at least one individual with a primary focus in research. This partnering of individuals with a different professional emphasis is crucial for practice reviews to provide a credible bridge between research and practice.

When submitting a practice review, provide a description of each individual's primary professional focus in the cover letter. Manuscripts not meeting this partnering requirement will be returned without review. New collaborations are especially encouraged.

Practice reviews are to be prepared in line with the guidelines for full-length articles, yet they may not exceed 30 pages.

Manuscript Preparation

Prepare manuscripts according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). Manuscripts may be copyedited for bias-free language (see Chapter 3 of the Publication Manual).

Review APA's Checklist for Manuscript Submission before submitting your article.

Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the Manual.

Below are additional instructions regarding the preparation of display equations, computer code, and tables.

Display Equations

We strongly encourage you to use MathType (third-party software) or Equation Editor 3.0 (built into pre-2007 versions of Word) to construct your equations, rather than the equation support that is built into Word 2007 and Word 2010. Equations composed with the built-in Word 2007/Word 2010 equation support are converted to low-resolution graphics when they enter the production process and must be rekeyed by the typesetter, which may introduce errors.

To construct your equations with MathType or Equation Editor 3.0:

  • Go to the Text section of the Insert tab and select Object.
  • Select MathType or Equation Editor 3.0 in the drop-down menu.

If you have an equation that has already been produced using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010 and you have access to the full version of MathType 6.5 or later, you can convert this equation to MathType by clicking on MathType Insert Equation. Copy the equation from Microsoft Word and paste it into the MathType box. Verify that your equation is correct, click File, and then click Update. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation.

Use Equation Editor 3.0 or MathType only for equations or for formulas that cannot be produced as Word text using the Times or Symbol font.

Computer Code

Because altering computer code in any way (e.g., indents, line spacing, line breaks, page breaks) during the typesetting process could alter its meaning, we treat computer code differently from the rest of your article in our production process. To that end, we request separate files for computer code.

In Online Supplemental Material
We request that runnable source code be included as supplemental material to the article. For more information, visit Supplementing Your Article With Online Material.

In the Text of the Article
If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.


Use Word's Insert Table function when you create tables. Using spaces or tabs in your table will create problems when the table is typeset and may result in errors.

Submitting Supplemental Materials

APA can place supplemental materials online, available via the published article in the PsycARTICLES® database. Please see Supplementing Your Article With Online Material for more details.

Abstract and Keywords

All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases.


List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151.
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.


Graphics files are welcome if supplied as Tiff or EPS files. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) should be assembled into one file.

The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing.

For more information about acceptable resolutions, fonts, sizing, and other figure issues, please see the general guidelines.

When possible, please place symbol legends below the figure instead of to the side.

APA offers authors the option to publish their figures online in color without the costs associated with print publication of color figures.

The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. To ensure that the figure can be understood in both formats, authors should add alternative wording (e.g., "the red (dark gray) bars represent") as needed.

For authors who prefer their figures to be published in color both in print and online, original color figures can be printed in color at the editor's and publisher's discretion provided the author agrees to pay:

  • $900 for one figure
  • An additional $600 for the second figure
  • An additional $450 for each subsequent figure


Authors of accepted papers must obtain and provide to the editor on final acceptance all necessary permissions to reproduce in print and electronic form any copyrighted work, including test materials (or portions thereof), photographs, and other graphic images (including those used as stimuli in experiments).

On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown.

Publication Policies

APA policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications.

See also APA Journals® Internet Posting Guidelines.

APA requires authors to reveal any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

Authors of accepted manuscripts are required to transfer the copyright to APA.

Ethical Principles

It is a violation of APA Ethical Principles to publish "as original data, data that have been previously published" (Standard 8.13).

In addition, APA Ethical Principles specify that "after research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release" (Standard 8.14).

APA expects authors to adhere to these standards. Specifically, APA expects authors to have their data available throughout the editorial review process and for at least 5 years after the date of publication.

Authors are required to state in writing that they have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of their sample, human or animal, or to describe the details of treatment.

The APA Ethics Office provides the full Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct electronically on its website in HTML, PDF, and Word format. You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. 47, pp. 1597–1611.

Other Information

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