Once the province of a small group of theorists and researchers operating on the periphery of psychological science, gender research has charged into the psychological mainstream during the last two decades. In large measure, Janet Taylor Spence has been responsible for this transformation, challenging the traditional ideas of fundamental differences between men and women. These differences have been replaced by a complex, sophisticated awareness of how gender is constructed and maintained.

During the 1970s, Spence and her colleagues developed several psychological instruments that were to become the standards in the field. Using Spence's seminal work as a starting point, the distinguished contributors to this volume examine how gender defines male and female behaviors.

This volume is divided into three parts: the genesis of gender research, the complexity of gender stereotypes, and the modern forms of sexism and their consequences. Sexism and Stereotypes in Modern Society not only celebrates the increasingly sophisticated and nuanced theoretical models that have been created from Spence's work but also considers the state-of-the-art developments that have forced researchers to look more broadly at the theoretical models of gender.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

—William B. Swann, Jr., Judith H. Langlois, and Lucia Albino Gilbert

I. The Genesis of Gender Research

  1. An Overview of Research on Gender: Four Themes From 3 Decades
    —Kay Deaux
  2. The Many Faces of Janet Taylor Spence
    —Robert L. Helmreich

II. The Complexity of Gender Stereotypes

  1. A Developmental Perspective on Gender Effects and Gender Concepts
    —Carol Lynn Martin
  2. A Shifting Standards Perspective on the Complexity of Gender Stereotypes and Gender Stereotyping
    —Monica Biernat and Diane Kobrynowicz
  3. Multidimensionality of Gender Schemas: Implications for the Development of Gender-Related Characteristics
    —Margaret L. Signorella

III. Modern Sexism and Its Consequences

  1. Psychological Interventions Designed to Counter Sexism in Children: Empirical Limitations and Theoretical Foundations
    —Rebecca S. Bigler
  2. Linking Gender to Educational, Occupational, and Recreational Choices: Applying the Eccles et al. Model of Achievement-Related Choices
    —Jacquelynne S. Eccles, Bonnie Barber, and Deborah Jozefowicz
  3. Sexism and Other "Isms": Independence, Status, and the Ambivalent Content of Stereotypes
    —Peter Glick and Susan T. Fiske
  4. Gender and Self-Esteem: A Meta-Analysis
    —Brenda Major, Leslie Barr, Josephine Zubek, and Susan H. Babey
  5. Thirty Years of Gender Research: A Personal Chronicle
    —Janet Taylor Spence

Appendix: Chronological List of Publications

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editors