Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use in the Workforce and Workplace
In this authoritative book, Michael R. Frone takes a close look at what we know and don't know about workforce and workplace substance involvement. In doing so, he exposes the lack of evidence behind many popular myths that have persisted since the "war on drugs" began in the 1980s, including
- the myth that workplace alcohol and illicit drug use is highly prevalent;
- the myth that employee substance use has a strong effect on productivity, leading to high costs for employers;
- and the myth that drug testing and employee assistance programs are proven ways for employers to deter substance use.
Frone's review covers research conducted over the past 30 years, and he analyzes methodological limitations and the tendency of many science reporters to "go beyond the data" when interpreting results. Given the need for evidence-based management and policy, this book will be a comprehensive resource for researchers and practitioners in management, occupational health, and addiction treatment and prevention.
- Employee Substance Involvement: Definitions and Prevalence
- Etiology of Employee Substance Involvement
- Performance Outcomes: Psychopharmacology and Workplace Simulation Research
- Productivity Outcomes: Organizational Field Research, Cost-of-Illness Studies, and an Integrative Model
- Workplace Interventions I: Drug Testing Job Applicants and Employees
- Workplace Interventions II: Workplace Health Promotion
- General Implications for Workplace Policy and Issues for Future Research
About the Author
Michael R. Frone, PhD, is a social–organizational psychologist and a senior research scientist at the Research Institute on Addictions, University at Buffalo, State University of New York. His research has focused on employee mental health, physical health, and substance use. He also has conducted research on stressful life events and alcohol use, the measurement and outcomes of alcohol and marijuana expectancies, and motivational models of alcohol use and alcohol-related problems.
Dr. Frone has conducted or collaborated on several national surveys. He has published numerous book chapters and journal articles, and coedited the volumes The Psychology of Workplace Safety and the Handbook of Work Stress. He was an associate editor for the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology and has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of Applied Psychology, the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, the Journal of Organizational Behavior, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, and Organizational Research Methods.
Dr. Frone also has served as an ad hoc reviewer for 25 scientific journals covering a number of substantive areas, such as organizational behavior and management, psychology and sociology of health, and alcohol and drug use.
There is a great need for evidence-based work in this area, and Frone's comprehensive review not only fulfills that need but also sets a milestone as an important reference for years to come.
Many volumes provide a broad perspective of drug and substance abuse; however, Frone's volume is unique in its focus on substance abuse in the workplace. Highly recommended.
Frone has brilliantly assembled a thorough documentation of the historical beginnings and current advancements in understanding, treating, and preventing alcohol and drug use in the workplace. This book will serve as a valuable resource for researchers and program administrators for years to come.
—Genevieve Ames, PhD, Senior Research Scientist, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation; Adjunct Professor, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley
This book is invaluable reading for workplace practitioners, policymakers, and researchers interested in substance use in the workplace. It provides rational conclusions based on a careful assessment of the methods of hundreds of empirical studies and provides clear direction for future studies.
—Scott Macdonald, PhD, Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia and School of Health Information Science, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Leaving no stone unturned, Frone has synthesized the relevant research literature and brought together the key findings, and the result is a clear, focused, and relevant integration of this very complex topic. He has given us all — practitioners and academics alike — the book the field has so long needed. This book is a milestone — the work of a true scholar.
—Samuel B. Bacharach, PhD, McKelvey-Grant Professor of Organizational Behavior and Director, Smithers Institute for Alcohol-Related Workplace Studies, Cornell University, New York, NY
This volume is the most comprehensive and thorough review of the worksite substance abuse literature ever written. Frone debunks many of the common myths surrounding this issue and unpacks the complexities surrounding the antecedents and consequences of employee substance involvement.
—Peter A. Bamberger, PhD, Professor, Organizational Behavior & Human Resource Management, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel