Developmental theorists have long speculated that emotion and cognition are inseparable components of the developmental process. Some even suggest that the two components are fully integrated by school age. Yet, despite considerable theoretical work describing this interaction, relatively little empirical work has been conducted on the subject.

This volume addresses the codevelopment of emotional and cognitive processes by integrating theoretical and empirical work on these processes. The first part of the book demonstrates the codependence of emotional and cognitive processes, noting that both processes are clearly necessary for successful regulation of thought and behavior and that children with early adjustment difficulties often have deficits in both types of processing. The second part considers possible neurological and genetic mechanisms for the emotion-cognition link. Finally, the last part explores implications for clinical and educational research, highlighting atypical emotional and cognitive processing and its effect on adjustment in academic and social settings.

Table of Contents


—Michael I. Posner

  1. Introduction: Putting the Domains of Development Into Perspective
    —Susan D. Calkins and Martha Ann Bell

I. Basic Developmental Processes

  1. An Optimal Balance: The Integration of Emotion and Cognition in Context
    —Clancy Blair and Tracy Dennis
  2. Emotion Regulation and Executive Functioning in Early Development: Integrated Mechanisms of Control Supporting Adaptive Functioning
    —Susan D. Calkins and Stuart Marcovitch
  3. The Role of Language in the Development of Emotion Regulation
    —Pamela M. Cole, Laura Marie Armstrong, and Caroline K. Pemberton
  4. Feeling and Understanding Through the Prism of Relationships
    —Ross A. Thompson
  5. Hot Executive Function: Emotion and the Development of Cognitive Control
    —Phillip David Zelazo, Li Qu, and Amanda C. Kesek

II. Neuroscientific and Genetic Contributions

  1. Psychobiological Mechanisms of Cognition–Emotion Integration in Early Development
    —Martha Ann Bell, Denise R. Greene, and Christy D. Wolfe
  2. Cognition and Emotion: A Behavioral Genetic Perspective
    —Kirby Deater-Deckard and Paula Y. Mullineaux
  3. Understanding the Social World: A Developmental Neuroscience Approach
    —Mark H. Johnson
  4. Desire, Dopamine, and Conceptual Development
    —Marc D. Lewis

III. Implications for Clinical and Educational Research

  1. Self-Regulation and Academic Achievement in the Transition to School
    —Frederick J. Morrison, Claire Cameron Ponitz, and Megan M. McClelland
  2. Intersection of Emotion and Cognition in Developmental Psychopathology
    —Joel T. Nigg, Michelle M. Martel, Molly Nikolas, and B. J. Casey

Afterword: Integrating Emotion and Cognition in Developmental Research
—Martha Ann Bell and Susan D. Calkins


About the Editors

Editor Bios

Susan D. Calkins, PhD, is professor of human development, family studies, and psychology at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, where she directs the Child and Family Research Network. She conducts longitudinal research, funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, and the National Science Foundation on the development of biological and behavioral indicators of self-regulation across infancy, childhood, and adolescence. She is a fellow of American Psychological Association Division 7 (Developmental Psychology), a recipient of an NIMH Research Scientist Career Development Award, and an associate editor of the journal Developmental Psychology.

Martha Ann Bell, PhD, is associate professor of psychology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg. Her research specialization is developmental cognitive neuroscience, and she examines developmental change in frontal lobe functioning using both behavioral and electrophysiological methods. Her current work, funded by the National Institutes of Health and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, focuses on individual differences in the development of executive function and emotion regulation across infancy and early childhood. Dr. Bell is a fellow of American Psychological Association Division 7 (Developmental Psychology) and the editor of the journal Infancy.