Helping Children Cope With Disasters and Terrorism
For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories
Helping Children Cope With Disasters and Terrorism offers psychotherapists and others involved in emergency response the most comprehensive, up-to-date information available on the immediate and lasting effects of trauma on children and adolescents. Until recently, it was assumed that children do not display significant clinical reactions in the aftermath of disasters or, if they do, the reactions are fleeting and leave no emotional scars. Yet, as volume editors Annette M. La Greca, Wendy K. Silverberg, Eric M. Vernberg, and Michael C. Roberts demonstrate, children and adolescents do have significant reactions that can interfere with their current and future psychological adjustment. Who is most at risk, and what can be done to help?
This book reviews the research and intervention literature on a broad range of natural and man-made disasters, from floods and house-fires to acts of terrorism and war. Chapter authors document children's reactions, identifying factors that may predict or, alternatively, buffer against severe trauma responses. Descriptions of preparatory and post-disaster coping materials and interventions developed for use with children are included. In addition to setting the research agenda and paving the way for theory and model building in this evolving field, this volume has a strong practical emphasis, offering strategies for when and how to intervene, based on clinical observation and empirical evidence.
I. General Conceptual and Key Issues
- Children Experiencing Disasters: Definitions, Reactions, and Predictors of Outcomes
—Wendy K. Silverman and Annette M. La Greca
- Assessment of Children and Adolescents Exposed to Disaster
—Conway Saylor and Virginia DeRoma
- Intervention Approaches Following Disasters
—Eric M. Vernberg
- Multicultural Issues in the Response of Children to Disasters
—Aline E. Rabalais, Kenneth J. Ruggiero, and Joseph R. Scotti
II. Natural Disasters
- Hurricanes and Earthquakes
—Annette M. La Greca and Mitchell J. Prinstein
- Wilderness Area and Wildfire Disasters: Insights From a Child and Adolescent Screening Program
—Brett M. McDermott and Lyle J. Palmer
—Gerard A. Jacobs, Jorge V. Boero, Randal P. Quevillon, Elizabeth Todd-Bazemore, Teri L. Elliott, and Gilbert Reyes
- Residential Fires
—Russell T. Jones and Thomas H. Ollendick
III: Human-Made and Technological Disasters
- Toxic Waste Spills and Nuclear Accidents
—Minhnoi C. Wroble and Andrew Baum
- Mass Transportation Disasters
—William Yule, Orlee Udwin, and Derek Bolton
- Dam Break: Long-Term Follow-Up of Children Exposed to the Buffalo Creek Disaster
—Mindy Korol, Teresa L. Kramer, Mary C. Grace, and Bonnie L. Green
- The Traumatic Impact of Motor Vehicle Accidents
—Joseph R. Scotti, Kenneth J. Ruggiero, and Aline E. Rabalais
IV. Acts of Violence
- Shootings, Hostage Takings, and Children
—Kathleen Nader and Christine Mello
- The Aftermath of Terrorism
—Robin H. Gurwitch, Karen A. Sitterle, Bruce H. Young, and Betty Pfefferbaum
- Children Under Stress of War
- Children's Exposure to Community Violence
—Janis B. Kupersmidt, Ariana Shahinfar, and Mary Ellen Voegler-Lee
V. Conclusions and Implications
- Children and Disasters: Future Directions for Research and Public Policy
—Annette M. La Greca, Wendy K. Silverman, Eric M. Vernberg, and Michael C. Roberts
About the Editors
Annette M. La Greca, PhD, received her doctorate in clinical psychology from Purdue University and is a professor of psychology and pediatrics and director of Clinical Training in the Psychology Department at the University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida.
Dr. La Greca has received grant support from the BellSouth Foundation for her work on the effects of trauma on children, including children's reactions to natural disasters and the effects of community violence on children. In addition to publishing over 150 journal articles, books, and book chapters related to children's and adolescents' emotional and physical adjustment, Dr. La Greca authored a parent–child workbook for helping children cope with the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
Dr. La Greca received the Distinguished Research Contribution Award from the Society of Pediatric Psychology (now APA Division 54) and served as editor of the Journal of Pediatric Psychology. Dr. La Greca has been the president of the Society of Pediatric Psychology and the APA Section on Clinical Child Psychology (now APA Division 53). She also chaired the APA Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.
Dr. La Greca currently serves on the editorial boards of several scientific journals and is the associate editor of the Journal of Clinical and Adolescent Psychology.
Wendy K. Silverman, PhD, received her doctorate in clinical psychology from Case Western Reserve University and currently is a professor of psychology and director of the Child and Family Psychosocial Research Center at Florida International University in Miami, Florida.
Dr. Silverman has received several grants from the National Institute of Mental Health to design and evaluate psychosocial interventions for children with anxiety disorders. She has published over 100 research articles and book chapters on childhood anxiety, including children's reactions following exposure to natural disasters and crime and violence. She also is the coauthor of three other books.
Dr. Silverman serves on the editorial boards of several scientific journals and is the editor of the Journal of Clinical and Adolescent Psychology.
Eric M. Vernberg, PhD, is a professor in the Clinical Child Psychology program at the University of Kansas. He earned his PhD in psychology from the University of Virginia. He directs research and intervention projects focusing on violence prevention and developmentally appropriate evidence-based treatments for children with serious emotional disorders. He has authored more than 40 scholarly papers on trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, and other topics in clinical child psychology.
Michael C. Roberts, PhD, ABPP, graduated from Purdue University in clinical psychology with a specialization in clinical child psychology, after completing his clinical internship at Oklahoma Children's Hospital.
Dr. Roberts has served as editor for the Journal of Pediatric Psychology; Children's Health Care; and Children's Services: Social Policy, Research, and Practice.
Dr. Roberts has been the president of the Society of Pediatric Psychology, the APA Section on Clinical Child Psychology, and the Council of University Directors of Clinical Psychology. He chaired the APA Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.
Dr. Roberts has edited or coedited the Handbook of Clinical Child Psychology, the Handbook of Pediatric Psychology, and Beyond Appearances: A New Look at Adolescent Girls, among other books.
He is director of the Clinical Child Psychology Program at the University of Kansas. His professional and research interests include topics in services for children and families in mental and physical health care and public policy.