Today's therapists work with diverse clients whose cultural values and attitudes differ in varying degrees from their own. Effective training and supervision are necessary to avoid and resolve conflicts.

This practical guide presents a model for developing multicultural competence within supervision. The model emphasizes self-assessment to define the cultural niche of each member of the supervision triad (therapist, client, and supervisor). Both supervisor and supervisee maintain an attitude of cultural humility and "metacompetence" (knowing what you don't know) to better inform case conceptualization, diagnosis, and treatment.

In-depth supervisory vignettes apply the model to a variety of cultural dimensions, including gender, ethnicity/race, immigration, socioeconomic status, disabilities, religion, and sexual orientation.

Table of Contents


Melba Vasquez

  1. Diversity and Multiculturalism in Supervision
    Carol A. Falender, Edward P. Shafranske, and Celia J. Falicov
  2. Psychotherapy and Supervision as Cultural Encounters: The Multidimensional Ecological Comparative Approach Framework
    Celia J. Falicov
  3. Women, Culture, and Social Justice: Supervision Across the Intersections
    Natalie Porter
  4. Compassionate Confrontation and Empathic Exploration: The Integration of Race-Related Narratives in Clinical Supervision
    Shelly P. Harrell
  5. Immigrant Clients, Supervisees, and Supervisors
    Celia J. Falicov
  6. Considering Social Class and Socioeconomic Status in the Context of Multiple Identities: An Integrative Clinical Supervision Approach
    Nadya A. Fouad and Shannon Chavez-Korell
  7. Supervision and Disabilities
    Jennifer A. Erickson Cornish and Samantha Pelican Monson
  8. Addressing Religiousness and Spirituality as Clinically Relevant Cultural Features in Supervision
    Edward P. Shafranske
  9. A Comprehensive Approach to Competently Addressing Sexual Minority Issues in Clinical Supervision
    Kathleen J. Bieschke, Kelly A. Blasko, and Susan S. Woodhouse
  10. Considerations in Supervision Working With American Indian and Alaska Native Clients: Understanding the Context of Deep Culture
    Joseph E. Trimble and Jeff King
  11. Group Supervision as a Multicultural Experience: The Intersection of Race, Gender, and Ethnicity
    Jean Lau Chin, Kirsten Petersen, Hui Mei Nan, and Leah Nicholls
  12. Reflective Practice: Culture in Self and Other
    Carol A. Falender, Edward P. Shafranske, and Celia J. Falicov


About the Editors

Editor Bios

Carol A. Falender, PhD, is coauthor of Clinical Supervision: A Competency-Based Approach (2004) and Getting the Most Out of Clinical Training and Supervision: A Guide for Practicum Students and Interns (2012), with Edward P. Shafranske, and coeditor of Casebook for Supervision: A Competency-Based Approach (2008), also with Edward Shafranske. She directed APA-approved internship programs for more than 20 years and has served as a member of the Supervision Guidelines Group of the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards and as chair of the APA Supervision Guidelines Task Force, Board of Educational Affairs.

Edward P. Shafranske, PhD, ABPP, is coauthor and coeditor, with Carol A. Falender, of numerous publications in clinical supervision, including Clinical Supervision: A Competency-Based Approach (2004), Getting the Most Out of Clinical Training and Supervision: A Guide for Practicum Students and Interns (2012), and Casebook for Supervision: A Competency-Based Approach (2008). He is professor, Muriel Lipsey Chair in Clinical and Counseling Psychology, and director, PsyD program, Pepperdine University, and he lectures in the psychiatric residency programs at the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of California, Irvine. He is actively involved in clinical supervision and maintains a practice in clinical psychology.

Celia J. Falicov, PhD, is an internationally known family therapy author, teacher, and clinician. A licensed clinical psychologist, she is a clinical professor in the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, and directs mental health services at the Student-Run Free Clinic Project, University of California, San Diego. She is past president (1999–2001) of the American Family Therapy Academy. She pioneered writings on family transitions, migration, and cultural perspectives in psychotherapy practice and training, and she has received many professional awards for this work. Dr. Falicov is the author of Latino Families in Therapy (2nd ed., 2014).

Reviews & Awards

A refreshing outlook on how the personal and cultural qualities of counselor and supervisor intertwine within the supervision process
The Professional Counselor

This book should be at the top of the reading list for any psychologist providing supervision.