Intention is fundamental to any project, endeavor, or journey. Related to intention is the concept of mindfulness—the awareness that arises through intentionally attending to oneself and others in an open, accepting, and discerning way. Drawing from Buddhist teachings and psychological theory, authors Shapiro and Carlson explore why mindful awareness is integral to the therapeutic healing process.

Their book integrates the art and science of mindfulness to inspire greater well-being in both clinicians and their patients. As such, mindfulness is understood as a universal human capacity that can help bridge the gap between therapist and patient, reminding us that we are all human beings aspiring to greater health, happiness, and freedom from suffering.

Table of Contents

—Jon Kabat-Zinn



I. What is Mindfulness? And How Is It Applicable to Clinical Work?

  1. What is Mindfulness?
  2. The Mindful Therapist
  3. Mindfulness-Informed Therapy
  4. Mindfulness-Based Psychotherapy

II. Does it Help? And How Does It Help?

  1. Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Mental Health
  2. Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Physical Health
  3. How Is Mindfulness Helpful? Mechanisms of Action

III. Expanding the Paradigm

  1. Mindfulness and Self-Care for Clinicians
  2. Exploring the Farther Reaches of Human Potential
  3. Future Directions


  1. The Body Scan
  2. Sitting Meditation
  3. Walking Meditation
  4. Supplemental Resources



About the Authors

Author Bios

Shauna L. Shapiro, PhD, is a professor of counseling psychology at Santa Clara University and previously served as adjunct faculty for Andrew Weil's Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Arizona.

Dr. Shapiro's research focuses on mindfulness meditation and its applications to psychotherapy and health care. She began her study of psychology and meditation at Duke University, graduating summa cum laude, and received her doctorate in clinical psychology from the University of Arizona. Dr. Shapiro pursued her study of meditation in Thailand and Nepal, as well as in the West, training in mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy.

She has conducted extensive clinical research investigating the effects of mindfulness-based therapies across a wide range of populations, and she has published over 50 book chapters and peer-reviewed journal articles. She is the recipient of the American Council of Learned Societies teaching award, acknowledging her outstanding contributions to graduate education in the area of mindfulness and psychotherapy.

Dr. Shapiro lectures and leads mindfulness training programs nationally and internationally for health professionals on the growing applications of mindfulness in psychology and health care.

Linda E. Carlson, PhD, holds the Enbridge Endowed Research Chair in Psychosocial Oncology and is an Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research Health Scholar, an associate professor in psychosocial oncology in the Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, and adjunct associate professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Calgary. She is director of research and works as a clinical psychologist at the Department of Psychosocial Resources at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre, where her program has offered Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) to cancer patients and their families since 1997.

Dr. Carlson trained as a clinical health psychologist at McGill University in Montreal, researching the area of psychoneuroendocrinology. She received the Kawano New Investigator Award from the International Psycho-Oncology Society in 2006 and the William E. Rawls Prize in cancer control from the National Cancer Institute of Canada/Canadian Cancer Society in 2007.

She has practiced meditation with the Insight Meditation Society in Burma and Canada, and trained in MBSR with Jon Kabat-Zinn and Saki Santorelli. She presented her work at Mind and Life XVI: Investigating the Mind–Body Connection: The Science and Clinical Applications of Meditation at the Mayo Clinic with His Holiness the Dalai Lama in 2008.

Dr. Carlson has published over 90 book chapters and research articles in peer-reviewed journals, holds more than $6 million in grant funding, and presents her work at national and international conferences.