Since the successful predecessor of this volume was first published, a new generation of research has become available on addictive behaviors such as drinking, smoking, and other substance use. The articles in this collection, reprinted from American Psychological Association journals, describe a wide range of biological, psychological, and social approaches to researching and treating addictive behaviors.

The effects of addictive behaviors range from ill health and social and family problems to economic and legal troubles. Psychologists' roles in mediating the negative effects of addiction include researching the effects of drug action, studying the epidemiology and etiology of drug and alcohol abuse, designing prevention programs, understanding the trajectory of substance abuse and family risk factors, screening and assessment, finding the best models of treatment, and understanding the needs of specific populations.

The latest approaches to all of these tasks are showcased in this volume, which will be of interest to clinical health psychologists and other mental health professionals from graduate students to seasoned clinicians and researchers.

Table of Contents


—G. Alan Marlatt and Katie Witkiewitz

I. Role of Psychology and Behavioral Science in Addiction Research and Treatment

  1. Contributions of Behavioral Science to Alcohol Research: Understanding Who Is at Risk and Why
    —Enoch Gordis
  2. Why Psychologists Should Treat Alcohol and Drug Problems
    —William R. Miller and Sandra A. Brown

II. Epidemiological Overview and Etiology

  1. Etiologic Connections Among Substance Dependence, Antisocial Behavior, and Personality: Modeling the Externalizing Spectrum
    —Robert F. Krueger, Brian M. Hicks, Christopher J. Patrick, Scott R. Carlson, William G. Iacono, and Matt McGue
  2. Etiological Contributions to Heavy Drinking From Late Adolescence to Young Adulthood.
    —Serena M. King, S. Alexandra Burt, Stephen M. Malone, Matt McGue, and William G. Iacono
  3. Trends in Ecstasy Use in the United States From 1995 to 2001: Comparison With Marijuana Users and Association With Other Drug Use
    —Silvia S. Martins, Guido Mazzotti, and Howard D. Chilcoat

III. Prevention and Harm Reduction

  1. Toward a Psychology of Harm Reduction
    —Robert J. MacCoun
  2. Adolescent Substance Use Outcomes in the Raising Healthy Children Project: A Two-Part Latent Growth Curve Analysis
    —Eric C. Brown, Richard F. Catalano, Charles B. Fleming, Kevin P. Haggerty, and Robert D. Abbott
  3. Project DARE: No Effects at 10-Year Follow-Up
    —Donald R. Lynam, Richard Milich, Rick Zimmerman, Scott P. Novak, TK Logan, Catherine Martin, Carl Leukefeld, and Richard Clayton

IV. Initiation and Progression in Adolescence

  1. A Longitudinal Analysis of Friendships and Substance Use: Bidirectional Influence From Adolescence to Adulthood
    —Thomas J. Dishion and Lee D. Owen
  2. Conjoint Developmental Trajectories of Young Adult Alcohol and Tobacco Use
    —Kristina M. Jackson, Kenneth J. Sher, and John E. Schulenberg

V. Family Dynamics and Family Impact

  1. The Roles of Familial Alcoholism and Adolescent Family Harmony in Young Adults' Substance Dependence Disorders: Mediated and Moderated Relations
    —Qing Zhou, Kevin M. King, and Laurie Chassin
  2. Family Risk Factors and Adolescent Substance Use: Moderation Effects for Temperament Dimensions
    —Thomas Ashby Wills, James M. Sandy, Alison Yaeger, and Ori Shinar

VI. Screening and Assessment

  1. Test–Retest Reliability of Alcohol Measures: Is There a Difference Between Internet-Based Assessment and Traditional Methods?
    —Elizabeth T. Miller, Dan J. Neal, Lisa J. Roberts, John S. Baer, Sally O. Cressler, Jane Metrik, and G. Alan Marlatt
  2. The Neuropsychological Test Performance of Drug-Abusing Patients: An Examination of Latent Cognitive Abilities and Associated Risk Factors
    —William Fals-Stewart and Marsha E. Bates
  3. Immediate Antecedents of Cigarette Smoking: An Analysis From Ecological Momentary Assessment
    —Saul Shiffman, Chad J. Gwaltney, Mark H. Balabanis, Kenneth S. Liu, Jean A. Paty, Jon D. Kassel, Mary Hickcox, and Maryann Gnys

VII. Treatment Approaches and Models

  1. Relapse Prevention for Alcohol and Drug Problems: That Was Zen, This Is Tao
    —Katie Witkiewitz and G. Alan Marlatt
  2. Brief Treatments for Cannabis Dependence: Findings From a Randomized Multisite Trial
    —The Marijuana Treatment Project Research Group
  3. Smoking Cessation: Progress, Priorities, and Prospectus
    —Raymond Niaura and David B. Abrams
  4. Risk Factors and Neuropsychological Recovery in Clients With Alcohol Use Disorders Who Were Exposed to Different Treatments
    —Marsha E. Bates, Danielle Barry, Erich W. Labouvie, William Fals-Stewart, Gerald Voelbel, and Jennifer E. Buckman
  5. Alcohol and Tobacco Cessation in Alcohol-Dependent Smokers: Analysis of Real-Time Reports
    —Ned L. Cooney, Mark D. Litt, Judith L. Cooney, David T. Pilkey, Howard R. Steinberg, and Cheryl A. Oncken
  6. Addictive Disorders in Context: Principles and Puzzles of Effective Treatment and Recovery
    —Rudolf H. Moos
  7. Abstinence-Based Incentives in Methadone Maintenance: Interaction With Intake Stimulant Test Results
    —Maxine L. Stitzer, Jessica Peirce, Nancy M. Petry, Kimberly Kirby, John Roll, Joseph Krasnansky, Allan Cohen, Jack Blaine, Ryan Vandrey, Ken Kolodner, and Rui Li

VIII. Issues in Specific Populations

  1. Preventing Substance Abuse in American Indian and Alaska Native Youth: Promising Strategies for Healthier Communities
    —Elizabeth H. Hawkins, Lillian H. Cummins, and G. Alan Marlatt
  2. Examination of Ethnicity in Controlled Treatment Outcome Studies Involving Adolescent Substance Abusers: A Comprehensive Literature Review
    —Marilyn J. Strada, Brad Donohue, and Noelle L. Lefforge
  3. Measuring Adolescent Drug Abuse and Psychosocial Factors in Four Ethnic Groups of Drug-Abusing Boys
    —Ken C. Winters, William W. Latimer, Randy D. Stinchfield, and Elizabeth Egan
  4. Meta-Analyses of ALDH2 and ADH1B With Alcohol Dependence in Asians
    —Susan E. Luczak, Stephen J. Glatt, and Tamara L. Wall

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editors

Editor Bios

G. Alan Marlatt, PhD, is professor of psychology at the University of Washington, and director of the Addictive Behaviors Research Center at that institution. He received his PhD in clinical psychology from Indiana University in 1968. After serving on the faculties of the University of British Columbia (1968–1969) and the University of Wisconsin—Madison (1969–1972), he joined the University of Washington faculty in the fall of 1972. His major focus in both research and clinical work is the field of addictive behaviors.

In addition to more than 200 journal articles and book chapters, he has published several books in the addictions field, including Relapse Prevention, Assessment of Addictive Behaviors, Harm Reduction, and Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students (BASICS): A Harm Reduction Approach. Over the course of the past 30 years, he has received continuous funding for his research from a variety of agencies, including the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the Alcoholic Beverage Medical Research Foundation, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

In 1990, Dr. Marlatt was awarded the Jellinek Memorial Award for outstanding contributions to knowledge in the field of alcohol studies, in 2001 he was given the Innovators in Combating Substance Abuse Award by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and in 2004 he received the Distinguished Researcher Award from the Research Society on Alcoholism.

Katie Witkiewitz, PhD, is a research scientist at the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute (ADAI), University of Washington, Seattle. She received her PhD from the University of Washington in 2005, where she completed the clinical psychology graduate program and an internship in psychiatry and behavioral sciences. She then took a faculty position in the Department of Psychology at the University of Illinois—Chicago as an assistant professor in psychology until July 2007, when she joined the ADAI staff.

Her primary research interests include quantitative methods, latent variable modeling, nonlinear dynamical systems, computer modeling of treatment system case management for chronic alcohol abusers, analysis of clinical treatment outcomes and relapse, mindfulness-based treatments for alcohol and drug abuse, and harm reduction approaches to the treatment of addiction. She was coeditor with G. Alan Marlatt of the book Therapist's Guide to Evidence-Based Relapse Prevention, and has authored and coauthored articles in Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Clinical Psychology Review, and Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.