CWP was established by APA’s Council of Representatives in 1973. CWP's mission, as given in Association Rule 150-2.1, is as follows:
There shall be a Committee on Women in Psychology that shall concern itself with furthering the major purpose of the APA -- "to advance psychology as a science and a profession and as a means of promoting health, education and human welfare” -- by ensuring that women achieve equality as members of the psychological community in order that all human resources be fully actualized. Its mission shall be that of functioning as a catalyst, by means of interacting with and making recommendations to the various parts of the APA's governing structure, to the APA's membership, and particularly to the Society for the Psychology of Women, as well as to other relevant groups, such as the Association of Women in Psychology, the Federation of Organizations for Professional Women, and the National Council of Graduate Departments of Psychology. Specifically, the committee will undertake the following priority tasks: (a) collection of information and documentation concerning the status of women; (b) continued development of recommendations and implementation of guidelines; (c) development of mechanisms to increase the participation of women in roles and functions of the profession; and (d) ongoing communications with other agencies and institutions regarding the status of women.
See proposed item revision of mission statement on Page 2.
Following is the report of the activities and accomplishments for the Committee on Women in Psychology in 2007. Selected reports from CWP Network representatives on their 2006 activities are included in an appendix at the end.
CWP’s 2007 members were Sari H. Dworkin, PhD (Chair); Lula A. Beatty , PhD; Lydia P. Buki, PhD; Helen L. Coons, PhD, Priscilla Dass-Brailsford, PhD; and Karen F. Wyche, PhD.
Dr. Dworkin and Dr. Beatty completed their terms of service on CWP on December 31, 2007. On January 1, 2008, Thema Bryant-Davis, PhD, and Jane Simoni, PhD, will join CWP, appointed for 3-year terms by the Board for the Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest (BAPPI) and the Board of Directors.
During 2007, CWP met twice, March 23-25 and September 28-30. Chair-elect Dr. Wyche met with BAPPI for their November 2-4 meeting.
The committee expresses its gratitude and thanks to Doug Haldeman, PhD, and Melba Vasquez, PhD, Board of Directors Liaisons, and to Martha Banks, PhD, BAPPI Liaison, for their advice and support during the year.
CWP also expresses thanks to the following liaisons and guests, who attended committee meetings and provided valued input: Martha E. Banks, PhD (BAPPI Liaison); Rachel Casas (APAGS); Jean L. Chin, EdD; Donald W. Daughtry, PhD (Committee on Disability Issues in Psychology); Florence Denmark, PhD (Committee on Psychology and Aging); Kathleen Gathercoal, PhD; Lynn Horne-Moyer, PhD (Liaison from National Council of Schools and Programs of Professional Psychology); Irene Leigh, PhD; Cheryl Luis, PhD (Liaison from Division 40/Clinical Neuropsychology); Amina Mahmood (American Psychological Association Graduate Students); Sharon McDade, PhD (Director, Center for Educational Leadership and Transformation, George Washington University); Joan S. Rabin, PhD (Liaison from Association for Women in Psychology); Sandra L. Shullman, PhD (BAPPI) ; plus Maria Botello (visiting undergraduate student).
Diversity and Diversity Training
The Council of Representatives has requested governance groups to report on diversity training activities and representation on their respective groups. For the Council's information:
The 2007 membership of CWP included four women of color (two African American women, one Latina, and one South African woman) and two White women, one of whom openly identifies as bisexual. With the appointment of Dr. Bryant-Davis and Dr. Simoni, CWP's 2008 membership will include two African American women, one Latina, one South African woman, and two White women, one of whom openly identifies as lesbian.
CWP's mission and work focuses on ensuring equity for women in all their diversity, including race and ethnicity, age, sexual orientation, and disability status. CWP works at several levels, to ensure diverse representation among committee members, to define committee strategic goals that frame the work of the committee, and to monitor activities across the Association, a key aspect of the committee's mission. For example:
Committee Membership: CWP Operating Policies and Procedures require that at least 1/3 of the committee represents ethnic/racial diversity and one member is openly lesbian or bisexual. Also, academic experience, clinical experience, and science experience must be represented among the six members. CWP defines "ethnic/racial diversity" broadly, so that committee membership over time represents, for example, African American, Latina, Asian, Caucasian American/White, and other groups. When submitting rank-ordered slates to BAPPI, CWP reports the current demographic composition of the committee and the composition of the committee if the submitted slates are approved, as do all other BAPPI committees. CWP has revised its calls for nominations recently to encourage nominees with disabilities and/or expertise in disability issues and with expertise in international issues.
Proposed Revision to CWP Mission Statement and Committee Policies and Procedures
CWP will submit a revised mission statement (which is contained in APA Association Rule 150-2.1) to the Board for the Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest and Board of Directors, and then to the Council of Representatives in February for approval. The revised mission statement follows (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):
150-2. COMMITTEE ON WOMEN IN PSYCHOLOGY
150-2.1 There shall be a Committee on Women in Psychology that shall concern itself with furthering the major purpose of the APA -- "to advance psychology as a science and a profession and as a means of promoting health, education and human welfare" -- by ensuring that women in all their diversity achieve equality within the psychological community and in the larger society, nationally and globally [as members of the psychological community] in order that all human resources be fully actualized. Its mission shall be [that of] to function[ing] as a catalyst[,] by means of interacting with and making recommendations to the various parts of the APA's governing structure, to the APA's membership, and particularly to the Society for the Psychology of Women, [as well as to other relevant groups, such as the] Association [of] for Women in Psychology, [the Federation of Organizations for Professional Women, and the National Council of Graduate Departments of Psychology.] and other relevant organizations, including groups whose missions address the status of women. Specifically, the Committee will undertake the following priority tasks: (a) collection of information and documentation concerning the status of women; (b) [continued] development of recommendations [and implementation of guidelines] relevant to women; (c) monitoring the implementation of guidelines and recommendations from reports issued by APA that are relevant to women; (d) development of mechanisms to increase the participation of women in roles and functions both within and outside [of] the profession; [and (d)] (e) ongoing communications with other agencies and institutions regarding the status of women; and (f) monitoring current issues relevant to the lives of women in order to inform policy.
The Committee shall consist of six members who are elected for staggered terms of three years. It shall report to Council through the Board for the Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest.
CWP agreed not to spell out specific aspects of diversity in this mission statement, but would do so in the preamble to the committee's strategic goals. This will allow the flexibility to revise the language over time, as needed.
Strategic Goals and Committee Priorities: CWP reviews its strategic goals at each meeting, revising as needed to reflect ongoing priorities. At their Fall 2007 meeting, CWP agreed to the following revisions. The committee revised the preamble to read:
In 2003, on its 30th anniversary, CWP reexamined its 1973 historical charter and reconfirmed its original mission. While women's numbers have increased in psychology, and there are considerable advances, CWP recognizes that disparities in opportunities and access for women continue to exist in psychology and society. We therefore affirm the following goals for women in all their diversity, including but not limited to race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender expression (male to female), social class, socioeconomic status, age, and disability status. In addition CWP considers the implications of issues for women both nationally and internationally. Major committee priorities include the leadership training institute and addressing issues related to qualitative research (see Items 13 and 16 in Fall 2007 minutes for more information). In addition, the committee suggested proposing a symposium on the sexualization of girls at the upcoming February conference on violence and trauma. Details on these and other committee activities follow.
Highlights of 2007 CWP Activities
Improving the Teaching of Multiculturalism in Graduate Psychology
Dr. Dass-Brailsford reported on the progress of the working group, chaired by former CWP member Dr. Louise Silverstein, which is focusing on improving the teaching of multiculturalism in graduate psychology. This group organized a symposium at the 2007 APA convention and will present again in 2008. An edited book is under consideration. Committee members expressed appreciation to Dr. Silverstein for her leadership of this important initiative and offered to provide any assistance as needed.
Developing Women in Leadership
On Thursday, September 27th, CWP and WPO hosted a well-attended half-day focus group--phase one of a project on leadership development for mid-career women in psychology. The Leadership Institute for Women in Psychology’s mission is to empower, prepare, and support women psychologists as leaders to promote positive changes in institutional and organizational life and increase the diversity, number, and effectiveness of women psychologists as leaders. The Institute activities will support the goal to advance psychology as a science and profession and as a means of promoting health, education and human welfare.
The half-day program began with a keynote address given by Dr. Margaret Chesney, Deputy Director, NIH National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, entitled “Women in Leadership -- The Ceiling is Breaking … but Watch Out for Falling Glass” and a presentation on leadership by Dr. Sandra Shullman, Partner, Executive Development Group. Dr. Ruth Fassinger, Interim Chair and Professor, Department of Counseling and Personnel Services, University of Maryland, College Park, conducted the formal evaluation of leadership training needs for the twenty-nine mid-career women in attendance.
Participants represented diverse racial/ethnic groups and employment sectors. In terms of race/ethnicity, participants included twelve non-Latina White, eight Black, six Latina, one Black/American Indian, and one White/American Indian women. Participants also included five who worked in the consulting sector, eight in practice, four in government, and eleven in academic settings. The participants were divided into four small groups for discussion. The practice group discussion facilitated by Board Member Dr. Jessica Henderson Daniel; the consulting/community group was facilitated by Mariam Kelty, formerly with the National Institute on Aging; CWP chair-elect Dr. Karen Wyche facilitated the academia discussion group; and the policy/government group was facilitated by Council of Representatives Women’s Caucus Chair-elect Dr. Sandy Shullman.
CWP is using the content analysis of the focus group discussions to inform phase two of the project, a quantitative survey of leadership development needs designed to reach a broader group of mid-career and senior women psychologists. Phase three of the project, an inaugural APA Leadership Institute for Women in Psychology, is planned for August 2008, just prior to the APA convention.
The Planning Committee is chaired by Helen L. Coons, PhD, CWP Vice-Chair, and includes the following members: Jessica Henderson Daniel, PhD, Mary Casey Jacob, PhD, Nadine Kaslow, PhD, Susan McDaniel, PhD, Sandra Shullman, PhD, and Karen Wyche, PhD, CWP Chair. The planning committee is staffed by Shari Miles-Cohen, PhD, Women’s Programs Office staff.
Additionally, CWP collaborated with APA Division 35, The Society for the Psychology of Women, Division 44, The Society for the Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Issues, and Division 45, The Society for the Psychological Study of Ethnic Minority Issues to submit an interdivisional grant request for monies for travel scholarships to support the recruitment of mid-career women from diverse backgrounds to attend the inaugural Leadership Institute.
Monitoring and Assessing the Status of Women in Psychology
At their spring meeting, the committee discussed the need to update the data in the 1995 Report of the Task Force on the Changing Gender Composition of Psychology. Initially, CWP considered recommending that a task force be established to update the report. They identified the following critical issues that should be examined:
As the committee considered these questions in the context of employment and other data that are already regularly collected and available, CWP agreed that before recommending a task force, they would identify what data are already available. As a first step, they agreed to request CPWAR to assess the quality, availability, and usefulness of existing data collected by or accessible to the Center, and provide CWP with this assessment. In addition, CPWAR should include a summary of their judgment regarding the feasibility and addressing the questions and issues raised by CWP in discussions of the leadership institute, the Governance Survey, and the Changing Gender Report. They also agreed to recommend that an advisory committee be formed to work with CPWAR.
Another critical aspect of CWP's role in monitoring developing policy is reviewing items on APA's cross-cutting agenda each meeting. The committee devotes a full day each meeting to reviewing and providing comments on these items, with the goal of ensuring that women and women's interests are fully and equitably represented. At the Fall meeting, for example, CWP reviewed and strongly supported adoption of the proposed Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Girls and Women. Committee members also provided comments on the following diverse items: Call for Questions to the President Elect Candidates; CRSPPP Proposed Changes to Curren6t Specialty Document; Parent Coordination; Task Force Revisions of the APA’s Model for State Licensure of Psychologists; Criteria for the Evaluation of Quality Improvements Programs and the Use of Quality improvement Data; Proposed Resolution on the American with Disabilities Act; Report of the APA Task Force on the Implementation of the Multicultural Guidelines; Resolutions on Transgender and Gender Identity Non-Discrimination; Final Report of the Task Force on Gender Identity, Gender Variance, and Intersex Conditions; Te Report of the Presidential Task Force on Integrative Health Care for an Aging Population; CEMA Proposed Implementation of the APA Resolution Recommending the Immediate Retirement of American Indian Mascots, Symbols, Images, and Personalities by Schools, Colleges, Universities, Athletic Teams, and Organizations; and the Draft Resolution Against Genocide.
CWP also appointed a representative to attend an open meeting on Proposed Association Rule 30-9: Public Policy Statements and Resolutions. (Details are available from the Women's Programs Office.)
During the Fall 2007 consolidated meetings, the governance survey, which is used to collect demographic diversity data regarding those who serve on APA Council, boards, and committees was redistributed due to a dramatic drop in the response rate to the 2007 survey. Dr. Jessica Kohout, CPWAR staff, joined CWP for a discussion regarding the survey. Members raised concerns regarding the procedures used in conducting the Governance Survey, particularly, the lack of an explicit consent form as the data could be linked to participants although the results are aggregated. CWP appreciated the opportunity to work with CPWAR and is pleased that the Governance Survey now includes an explicit consent form, which clarifies that the survey is completely voluntary. CWP, working with WPO and CPWAR staff, will assess the results of the most recent data collection and will begin working on revising the survey for distribution at the Fall 2008 Council meeting.
Increasing the Participation of Women as Journal Editors
CWP continues to work on increasing the number of women serving as journal editors. The percentage of women has increased over time, and CWP noted that real progress has been made. CWP members also continue to encourage colleagues to consider applying for journal editor positions, which includes providing information on the substantial support APA provides to journal editors. The committee is gratified that this mentoring and support has encouraged a number of individuals to apply.
Revision to the Publication Manual
Dr. Dworkin reported on her involvement with the working group that is reviewing the section on Guidelines to Reduce Bias in Language.
Dr. Dworkin requested committee members to review these Guidelines in more detail, in particular the sections on gender, and provide her with their comments on this whole section.
Journal Editorial Review
CWP requested that a continuing discussion of issues related to journal editorial review be included on the Spring 2008 agenda.
Committee members believed that it would be helpful to provide suggestions for reviewing a manuscript based on qualitative research. There was some sense that not all reviewers were as familiar with qualitative research methodology as they could be. This may be an issue for discussion with members of the Board of Scientific Affairs or the Publications and Communications Board.
Sponsoring APA Convention Programming
CWP sponsored or co-sponsored the following programming at the 2007 APA Convention:
Symposium: The Psychological and Health Impacts of Social Injustice: Vulnerable AND Impressionable: Social Inequality and Children's Exposure to Health Risks
Chair: Barbara H. Fiese, PhD; Participants: Zurbriggen, PhD and Brian Wilcox, PhD. Sponsored with Board for the Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest, Committee on Children, Youth and Families, Divisions: 9, 27, 45, 51
Symposium: Negotiation Skills Facilitate Career Advancement for Women in Psychology
Co-Chairs: Helen L. Coons, PhD and Alfiee M. Breland-Noble, PhD; Participants:
Jean Lau Chin, EdD; Nadine J. Kaslow, PhD; Pamela Reid, PhD Sponsored with Divisions 35, 1, 14, 17, 45, APA Committee on Early Career Psychologists and APAGS
CWP Chair Dr. Dworkin presented CWP Leadership Awards during Division 35's social hour to Thema Bryant-Davis, PhD, Cynthia A. Gomez, PhD, and Jeanne Maracek, PhD in recognition of their substantial contributions to women in psychology, in service provision, scholarship, public interest, and service to psychology, and their longstanding influence on women’s issues and status.
CWP also held a well-attended CWP Network meeting and an informal committee meeting.
Advocating for Federal Policy Addressing Women's Issues
CWP members recommended approval of the proposed Public Interest Advocacy Goals fro 2008 and made specific suggestions for the following sections: Women’s Health, Veterans and their Families, Disaster Relief and Emergency Preparedness, and Criminal Justice. The committee also added disability issues and lesbian, gay bisexual and transgender issues to the list of legislative issues of interest to the committee.
Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls
Staff provided an update on the dissemination of the Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. As of this September meeting, the report and summary had attracted nearly 430,000 hits on APA's web site, and nearly all of the 2,000 printed copies had been distributed.
During his visit with CWP, President Elect Alan Kazdin, PhD offered his assistance and support for initiatives related to the Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls.
Task Force on Mental Health and Abortion
CWP received an update on the second meeting of the Task Force on Mental Health and Abortion.
Submitted by Sari H. Dworkin, Chair, and Karen F. Wyche, PhD, Chair-elect, Committee on Women in Psychology
SELECTED 2007 REPORTS OF REPRESENTATIVES
OF THE COMMITTEE ON WOMEN IN PSYCHOLOGY NETWORK
Division 40 (Clinical Neuropsychology): Women in Neuropsychology (WIN)
Submitted by Cheryl A. Luis, PhD, ABPP-CN (firstname.lastname@example.org)
CWP continues to provide invaluable support to the Division 40 Women in Neuropsychology (WIN) special interest group. WIN was established in 2000 to foster the professional development of women neuropsychologists at all stages of their careers via a listserv, mentoring program, and conference programming.
The WIN listserv provides a forum for discussion of professional issues, dissemination of information from CWP/APA, introduction to our mentoring program and notification regarding position and funding opportunities. There are currently less than 450 members on the listserv. WIN also regularly hosts professional development events at the annual APA conference and the North American meeting of the International Neuropsychology Society (INS).
In 2007, the committee continued to promote the professional development of women in the field at all stages of their careers through a variety of educational and mentoring activities. Below is a summary of the committee’s activities for the year and plans for 2008.
In February 2007, WIN hosted a panel discussion at INS: “The Do’s and Don’ts of Career Development: What I Wish Someone Had Told Me.” The event was located in Portland, OR and extremely well attended (standing room only). Several panelists offered their list of Do’s and Don’ts for Academic Advancement, Research and Grantsmanship, Journal Editing and Reviewing, and Private Practice. In addition, as a follow-up, the summary of the WIN Survey conducted in 2006 was provided via a handout to WIN attendees at INS 2007. Also provided was a brief historical review of WINs history. The upcoming topic for INS 2008 (Feb. 8) is entitled “Tips for Successful Job Negotiating”.
In August 2007, WIN collaborated with other groups within Division 40 including the Ethnic and Minority Affairs Committee (EMA) and the Association for Neuropsychology Students in Training (ANST), and hosted an event entitled: “Interviewing for Internship: Tips on How To Shine.” This was the first WIN event to be formally listed on the DIV 40 Program Calendar and was attended by less than 100 students.
Dr. Cheryl Luis, chair of WIN, authored a brief article for the DIV40 Newsletter and the article was printed in the Summer/Fall 2007 edition. Dr. Luis also attended the Spring 2007 Consolidated Meeting in DC and served as the CWP liaison, and plans to attend the 2008 Spring Meeting. Lastly, WIN has submitted a symposium entitled “Evaluating and Negotiating Conflicts in Supervision.” This represents a collaboration among the various groups of the Public Interest Advisory Committee of Div. 40 (i.e., Ethics, EMA, and WIN).
Maine Psychological Association (MePA): Committee on Women in Psychology
Submitted by Diana L. Prescott, PhD (email@example.com)
2007 was a warm and positive year for the women in psychology associated with the Maine Psychological Association (MePA). Two groups met on a regular basis, in the Bangor area, and in the Portland area. The Bangor area group met monthly for lunch and ended the year with a dinner at the home of a colleague. The Portland group met mid-morning on a regular basis and also for evening potlucks. Members reported that prioritizing getting together with their colleagues helped to decrease their sense of isolation and provided a sense of connection to other psychologists.
In November, the Portland and Bangor groups met together at the MePA conference at the Bethel Inn in Bethel, Maine. We discussed the needs of women practicing around the state and explored the notion of a retreat for the women in psychology. We discussed how to recruit non-MePA members to our women in psychology groups and how to encourage women to communicate more frequently on the MePA listserve.
The groups are connected regularly via a MePA CWP distribution list. The posts from the Committee from Women in Psychology Network are distributed to those who wished to be included on the distribution list.
South Carolina Psychological Association (SCPA)
Submitted by Lisa Smith Klohn, PhD (firstname.lastname@example.org)
As South Carolina's representative, I primarily served in the capacity of funneling information from the committee to state psychological association members. However, we have no ongoing activities. I would like to make an effort to be more than a representative in name only. I look forward to hopefully becoming a catalyst for more activity in our state in the upcoming year.