Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health II (REACH II)
The REACH II protocol is a structured multi-component caregiver intervention that is based on an individualized assessment of caregiver needs. Interventions are tailored to individualized risk profiles based on a caregiver assessment of depression, burden, self-care and healthy behaviors, social support, and problem behaviors.
Each caregiver intervention includes a variety of strategies, selected to address clients’ individualized needs that were identified in assessment. Intervention strategies include provision of information, skills training, problem solving, role playing, stress management, and telephone support. The intervention clinical trial used 9 individualized sessions plus 3 phone sessions.
REACH II was designed to address the needs of culturally diverse caregivers of persons with dementia, including White, Hispanic, and African-American caregivers.
The REACH II intervention has been shown to improve caregiver quality of life, and was found to show benefits to White, Hispanic, and African-American caregivers.
REACH II has been successfully adapted to use in the community (e.g. by personnel in local Area Agencies on Aging) and it has also been effectively adapted for use with family caregivers of persons with acquired physical disabilities (e.g., spinal cord injury).
Outcomes Research References
Belle , S. H. , Burgio , L. , Burns , R. , Coon , D. , Czaja , S. J. , Gallagher- Thompson, D. , et al. (2006 ). Enhancing the quality of life of dementia caregivers from different ethnic or racial groups: A randomized, controlled trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 145, 727 – 738 .
Burgio, L. D., Collins, I. B., Schmid, B., Wharton, T., McCallum, D., & Decoster, J (2009). Translating the REACH caregiver intervention for use by area agency on aging personnel: The REACH OUT program. The Gerontologist, 49, 103–116.
Elliott, A. E., Burgio, L. D., & DeCoster, J. (2010). Enhancing caregiver health: Findings from the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer’s Caregiver Health II Intervention. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58, 30-37.
Schulz, R., Czaja, S., Lustig, A., Zdaniuk, B., Matire, L., & Perdomo, D. (2009). Improving the quality of life of caregivers of persons with spinal cord injury: A randomized controlled trial. Rehabilitation Psychology, 54, 1-15
Clinical Approach References
Burgio, L.D., Collins, I.B., Schmid, B., Wharton, T., McCallum, D., & DeCoster, J. (2009). Translating the REACH Caregiver Intervention for Use by Area Agency on Aging Personnel. The Gerontologist, 49 (1), 103-116. http://europepmc.org/articles/PMC3695600
REACH OUT Action Guide and materials useful to interventionist and caregiver are available online.
In the Practice Section
- Common Caregiving Problems
- What do Psychologists Need to Know to Help Family Caregivers?
- How Caregivers Reach Psychologists
- Psychologists as Direct Service Clinicians and Consultants
- Conceptual Models
- Variations for Practice with Culturally Diverse Groups
- Business Pragmatics
- Common Ethical Issues