Also in this issue...
APA report: Psychology and global climate change
APA's Task Force on the Interface Between Psychology and Global Climate Change released a report and set of recommendations that the authors and APA hope will have far-reaching effects in bringing psychological science to the climate change research and policy arenas.
The report and its recommendations "lay the foundation for future research, practice, education, and policy addressing the psychological aspects of climate change" according to Howard Kurtzman, APA Science Directorate Associate Director and Nicolle Singer, the APA staff for the Task Force.
In addition to synthesizing what we currently know about behavior affects the climate, how people understand the risks of climate change, and how people adapt to and cope with the effects of climate change, the report provides suggestions for education, research, and training and organizational actions to respond to climate change issues in a strategic and comprehensive way. To read more please see the article in Psychological Science Agenda.
Climate Change Science Compendium 2009
The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) is a compilation of peer-reviewed research on earth systems and climate change published by international researchers and institutions since 2006. The Compendium provides an update to the 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Fourth Assessment Report and presents up-to-date scientific findings, interpretations, ideas and conclusions that have emerged among scientists.
US National Science and Technology Council Report: Social , Behavioral and Economic Research in the Federal Context
The potential of the "human sciences" (behavioral and social sciences) to address grand challenges facing the nation and globe and to provide policy makers evidence and information is the topic of a recent report from the US National Science and Technology Council (the NTSC is a US cabinet-level council that coordinates science and technology policy at the executive level). As the Executive Summary of the report states: "The social, behavioral, and economic (SBE) sciences are focused on human activity at every level — from an individual's brain, to behavior, to the actions of groups and organizations. The SBE sciences can provide policymakers with evidence and information that will help address many of today's most pressing challenges including: providing high quality education, providing all citizens with healthcare, fighting terrorism, preventing crime, and preparing for and responding to natural disasters. SBE scientists from a broad array of fields are performing interdisciplinary research that takes advantage of a new set of tools and holds the promise of providing insights and solution not otherwise available."
The report identifies priority areas in Education, Health, Cooperation/Conflict, Societal Resilience/Response to Threats, Creativity/Innovation and Energy/Environment and provides examples of successful applications of SBE sciences, from literacy programs to behavioral health, quality of life, conflict resolution and preparedness systems each based on information about human response.
One of the goals of the report is to support collaboration across federal agencies to develop specific tools and technologies, improve data collection, management and sharing mechanisms, and guiding research that is relevant to immediate policy issues. It also identifies broad basic science themes for vanguard research, including understanding the structure and function of the brain, understanding the complexity of human societies and activities, and understanding the genetic and environmental origins of human identity and diversity ("origins research").
International Handbook of Cross-Cultural Counseling: Cultural Assumptions and Practices Worldwide
Gerstein, L. H., Heppner, P. P., Ægisdóttir, S., Leung, S.A., & Norsworthy, K.L.
This comprehensive handbook contains 38 chapters on issues, challenges, opportunities and state of the art of the practice and science of counseling worldwide. Especially helpful to colleagues in all areas of psychology is an introductory section that addresses the history of the field. In that section, chapters address definitional issues (helping to differentiate cultural , indigenous, transcultural, multicultural psychology) and helps differentiate multicultural and crossnational perspectives. The second section features chapters on 30 countries examining the history of counseling, cultural and religious values shaping attitudes toward counseling, types of clients and presenting problems, indigenous models of counseling, professional issues and challenges, research findings, the influence of U.S. models and implications for the future.